MDC BLSON 10/2019 QEP Fundamentals Writing Prompt
School of Nursing QEP Writing Prompt
NUR 1025L/1002L (Fundamentals of Nursing Clinical)
During this clinical rotation, you will take care of several clients. You will select one client, and
write a scholarly paper based on your observation of and experience in the care of your assigned
client. Utilizing the topics listed below and evidence-based practice, you will include the
• Introduction to the topic (select one of the topics below).
• Description of your client and the care of your client.
• Comparing and contrasting your textbook and evidence-based practice regarding
• Conclude by summarizing and reflecting on what was learned from the
assignment and how it will impact your practice in the future.
NUR1025L/1002L QEP Topic List
O Your paper must be APA format and at least 750 words not to exceed 1000 words.
O Double space your paper and use Times New Roman standard 12-point font.
O Proofread your paper; visit and present proof of seeing a writing tutor before submitting
your paper to “Turn-it-in”.
O A minimum of two (2) references must be used. The two references will include the
required class textbook and at least one outside scholarly source (ex. journal article).
APA format must be used citing and referencing sources.
NUR1025L Fundamentals of Nursing QEP Assignment
Introduce your topic and discuss how it is relevant in nursing.
Include age, ethnic background (if relevant to the topic), gender, acuity level within hospital (step down, floor, ICU), or if in a nursing home (assisted living facility, rehabilitation, or skilled nursing), relevant medical history, diagnosis, reasons for admission, length of stay, etc. Please be mindful of HIPPA.
• What kind of care is the patient receiving? • How is the nursing staff currently addressing the patient’s health concerns? • Why are the current nursing interventions important for the patient’s overall health? • How do these interventions contribute to improving the patient’s health?
• Discuss the current standards of care in nursing related to the topic (ie., Assessment/ Scales, Goals, Interventions, Methods of Evaluation).
• Discuss outcomes both positive and negative (if goals not met) for the patient. Be sure to use examples from the literature, case studies, or direct patient care to support your statements.
Summarize most important points from paper. Draw any final conclusions about topic.
In this section, you may now begin to write in first person (I, me, my). Address these questions in this section in a narrative fashion:
• What did you learn from the assignment? • How does this new information compare to your prior knowledge? • How do you feel about it? • How did it change you? • What new skills can you now apply? • How it will impact your practice in the future? • Did you experience any “a-ha” moment(s)? • What new connections did you make from your class, textbook, research, and
MDC BLSON 1/2020 QEP Grading Rubric T.M
MIAMI DADE COLLEGE BENJAMIN LEON SCHOOL OF NURSING
QEP GRADING RUBRIC
Criteria Score-Exemplary (A) 18.5-20%
Score-Proficient (B) 16.9-18.4%
Score-Developing (C) 15.3-16.8%
Score-Emerging (D) 13.7-15.2%
Score-Deficient (F) 0-13.6%
Introduction States topic thoroughly with a well-developed definitive statement which is consistently the focal point throughout the paper.
States the topic clearly with adequate direction for the paper and is the focal point for most of the paper.
States topic but is too vague or unclear and focal point not maintained throughout the paper.
The topic is not clearly defined and lacks focus throughout.
Fails to identify the topic and lacks focus throughout.
Content/Application of Scholarly Resources
At least two (2) cited, scholarly sources which are current, (within the last 5-10 years) and relevant, to the topic. There is analysis, (compare/contrast) of the topic.
At least two (2) cited, scholarly sources which are current, (within the last 5-10 years) and relevant, to the topic. However, there is limited, or no analysis, (compare and contrast) of the topic.
Only one (1) cited, scholarly source which is current, (within the last 5-10 years) relevant, to the topic. However, there is limited, or no analysis, (compare and contrast) of the topic.
Only one (1) cited, scholarly source which is current, (within the last 5-10 years) relevant, to the topic. However, there is no analysis, (compare and contrast) of the topic.
There is no cited scholarly source. There is no analysis, (compare and contrast) of the topic.
MDC BLSON 1/2020 QEP Grading Rubric T.M
Conclusion Thoroughly Summarizes what was learned from this assignment and the particular topic. Includes if new knowledge was gained.
Clearly summarizes what was learned from the assignment and the particular topic. Includes if new knowledge was gained.
Mostly summarizes what was learned from the assignment and the particular topic. Does not include whether or not new knowledge was gained.
Minimal summary of the topic.
There is a lack of summary of the topic.
Writing Content is well organized, logical, and clearly stated with little, or no grammatical, punctuation, or spelling errors.
Content is mostly organized, logical and clearly stated and with minimal grammatical, punctuation, or spelling errors.
Content is somewhat organized, several ideas are off topic, several grammatical, punctuation and spelling errors.
Content is fairly organized, many ideas are off topic, many grammatical, punctuation and spelling errors.
Content is disorganized with numerous grammatical, punctuation and spelling errors.
APA/Content/ Quality of Research
Compliant with current APA formatting guidelines. References are appropriate and properly cited within the paper and on the reference page. All references are included. Minimal errors are noted.
Good use current APA formatting guidelines. References are mostly appropriate and well cited within the paper and on the reference page. Occasional errors are noted.
Fair use of current APA formatting guidelines. Provides references that may not be relevant or appropriately cited. All sources cited are not present on the reference page. Multiple errors are noted.
Current APA formatting guidelines were minimally used. All sources cited are not present on the reference page or not cited. Many errors noted.
Current APA formatting guidelines were not used. No references cited. Numerous errors noted.
Total Points: Possible Points: 100 A (93-100) B (85-92) C (77-84) D (76-69) F (69 and below)
PART 1: AUTHOR(S)
INDIVIDUAL(S) AS AUTHOR(S)
In-text citations need only the author’s last name.
Charles R. Drew, MD (Drew, 2018)
*See chart below for entries featuring multiple authors
GROUP AS AUTHOR
An article or webpage may not include the author(s) but rather may have a group author. Corporations, schools, associations, government agencies, etc. can serve as the author. For example, if a resource is found on the World Health Organization website, WHO is the author.
… (World Health Organization [WHO], 2019) …
CITING MULTIPLE WORKS PARENTHETICALLY
Parenthetical citations should be ordered alphabetically by first authors’ last names and separated with a semicolon:
Several studies (Miller, 1999; Stone & Mathers, 2001) support …
When a work has no identified author, cite the first few
words of the reference page entry (usually the title) and
…on free care ( “Teaching Tips,” 2007) …
…the book College Bound Seniors (2008) …
IN-TEXT CITATIONS: APA 7 th
Number of authors
A. Narrative citation
(author’s name is a part of the sentence)
B. Parenthetical citation
(author’s name is not a part of the sentence)
1 Walker (2007) (Walker, 2007)
A. In his study on pressure ulcer prevention, Walker (2007) found that… B. To prevent pressure ulcers, nurses should turn patients every two hours (Walker, 2007).
2 Walker and Allen (2007) (Walker & Allen, 2007)
A. In their study on pressure ulcer prevention, Walker and Allen (2007) found that… B. To prevent pressure ulcers, nurses should turn patients every two hours (Walker & Allen, 2007).
3+ Walker et al. (2007) (Walker et al., 2007)
A. In their study on pressure ulcer prevention, Walker et al. (2007) found that… B. To prevent pressure ulcers, nurses should turn patients every two hours (Walker et al., 2007).
Miami Dade College (MDC, 2007)
MDC (2007) (Miami Dade College
[MDC], 2007) (MDC, 2007)
A. In its study on pressure ulcer prevention, Miami Dade College (MDC, 2007) found that… B. In its study on pressure ulcer prevention, MDC (2007) found that… C. To prevent pressure ulcers, nurses should turn patients every two hours (Miami Dade College [MDC], 2007). D. To prevent pressure ulcers, nurses should turn patients every two hours (MDC, 2007).
University of Pittsburgh (2007)
University of Pittsburgh (2007)
(University of Pittsburgh, 2007)
(University of Pittsburgh, 2007)
A. In its study on pressure ulcer prevention, University of Pittsburgh (2007) found that… B. In its study on pressure ulcer prevention, University of Pittsburgh (2007) found that… C. To prevent pressure ulcers, nurses should turn patients every two hours (University of Pittsburgh, 2007). D. To prevent pressure ulcers, nurses should turn patients every two hours (University of Pittsburgh, 2007).
PART 2: THE DATE
Include the year the resource was published. No date provided? Then use n.d. which means no date.
PART 3: PAGE OR
Do not add page or paragraph number(s)
When citing a direct quotation (a word for word copy of
the text), include the page number if the quote was
sourced from a paginated document such as a book or
“direct quote” (Bath, 2018, p. 142)
“direct quote” (Bath, 2018, pp. 142-143)
NO PAGE NUMBER?
If there are no page numbers, as is the case with webpages, use the paragraph number instead.
“direct quote” (Bath, 2018, para. 142)
“direct quote” (Bath, 2018, paras. 142-143)
If a quote is 40+ words, it has to be placed in a block
Miele (1993) found the following:
The “placebo effect,” which had been verified in
previous studies, disappeared when behaviors were
studied in this manner. Furthermore, the behaviors were
never exhibited again [emphasis added], even when reel
[sic] drugs were administered. Earlier studies (e.g.,
Abdullah, 1984; Fox, 1979) were clearly premature in
attributing the results to a placebo effect. (p. 276)
Continue current paragraph or start new paragraph
SECONDARY SOURCE: USE SPARINGLY
These are used when you’re citing a source you did not read yourself but instead read within someone else’s work. For example, Allport’s work is cited in Nicholson, but you did not read directly from Allport.
Allport claims that more regulation is needed (as cited in Nicholson, 2003).
*Be sure to cite Nicholson in your reference list, not Allport.
WORKS WITH SAME AUTHOR AND DATE
When multiple references have the same author(s) and publication year, include a lowercase letter after the year. The year letter combination is used in both the in-text citation and the reference list.
(Judge & Kammeyer-Mueller, 2012a)
Judge & Kammeyer-Mueller (2012b)
(Sifuentes, n.d.-a, n.d.-b)
American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000
CITING SPECIFIC PARTS OF A SOURCE
To cite a specific part of a source, provide an author-date citation for the work plus information about the specific part. There are many possible parts to cite including:
pages, paragraphs, sections, tables, figures, supplemental material, or footnotes from an article, book, report, webpage, or other work;
chapters, forewords, or other sections of authored books;
time stamps of videos or audiobooks; and
slide numbers in PowerPoint presentations.
(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2019, p. 10)
(Shimamura, 2017, Chapter 3)
(Armstrong, 2015, pp. 3-17)
(Shadid, 2020, paras. 2-3)
(Kovacic & Horvat, 2019, Table 1)
(Thompson, 2020, Slide 7)
(Beck Institute of Cognitive Behavior Therapy, 2012, 1:30:40)
ex. a citation at the end of a paragraph meant to cite all
information within the paragraph.
ex. the same citation repeated in every sentence when the source
and topic have not changed.
When paraphrasing a key point in more than one sentence within a paragraph, cite the source in the first relevant sentence and do not repeat the citation in subsequent sentences as long as the source remains clear and unchanged. When the author’s name appears in the narrative, the year can be omitted only when multiple narrative citations to a work appear within a single paragraph. For example:
Koehler (2016) experimentally examined how journalistic coverage influences public perception of the level of agreement among experts. Koehler provided participants with quotations from real reviews for movies that critics either loved or loathed.
The second reference to Koehler does not require the date because the source of the information (“Koehler, 2016”) remains clear and is unchanged.
Personal communications may be private letters, memos, some electronic communications, personal interviews, and telephone conversations. Personal communications are not included in the reference list.
T. K. Lutes (personal communication, April 18, 2001) (V.-G. Nguyen, personal communications, September 28, 1998)
QEP Writing Assignment Tips
• Use third person singular point of view throughout the paper, except for the reflection section • Don’t start every sentence with “I” in the reflective part of the assignment • Use transitional words such as furthermore, first, while, to conclude, etc • Describe the client and treatment, not assuming the reader understands/sees what you see • Write an outline of your paper • Suggestion: Use headings (refer to the format on next page as an example)
Third person sample sentences:
• The client was given oxygen… • The client exhibited symptoms of myxedema.. • The assigned client had an open bed sore on the back of… • Upon further assessment, the client demonstrated adventitious lung sounds… • The nursing student observed a lump on the client’s arm… • The student nurse checked the chart for vitals… • Because the chart noted that the patient frequently experienced schizophrenic episodes, the
nursing student was able to connect… Bad: Patient is cool to touch. (too subjective) Bad: I found the patient’s temp to be 98.5 degrees Fahrenheit. (in first person) Better: The patient’s temperature was 98.5 degrees Fahrenheit. In the Reflection section, pose questions like these to yourself:
• What did you learn? • How do you feel about it? • How did it change you? • What new skills can you now apply?
Reflection sample sentences:
• Going forward with my clinical experience, I am reminded that whole purpose of my profession
is to… • The experiences in my first clinical rotation changed the way I perceived… • These clinicals allow me to critically reflect on…
• I found the article written by Bontrager to be biased toward… • I agree with the position that Kass presents; however, I would frame it… • As mentioned above, there are a few points in Stanhope’s article that I disagree with. For
example, he discusses the importance of… • My interpretation of the information presented is…
Examples of References in APA 7th Edition Style
This handout provides examples of how to cite the most common kinds of sources. For more examples, refer to
the 7th Edition Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, which is available in the library.
General format with DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Author, A. A., & Author B. B. (2020). Title of article. Title of Periodical, 34(2), 5-14.
Journal Article with a DOI:
McCauley, S. M., & Christiansen, M. H. (2019). Language learning as language use: A cross-linguistic model of
child language development. Psychological Review, 126(1), 1-51. https://doi.org/10.1037/rev0000126
Parenthetical citation: (McCauley & Christiansen, 2019)
Narrative citation: McCauley and Christiansen (2019) claim that…
According to McCauley and Christiansen (2019), art is…
Journal Article without a DOI, with a nondatabase URL:
Ahmann, E., Tuttle, L. J., Saviet, M., & Wright, S. D. (2018). A descriptive review of ADHD coaching research:
Implications for college students. Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, 31(1), 17-39.
Parenthetical citation: (Ahmann et al., 2018)
Ahmann et al. (2018) state that…OR According to Ahmann et al. (2018), these techniques should include…
Magazine Article with and without DOI:
Begerson, S. (2019, January 4). Really cool neutral plasmas. Science, 363(6422), 33-34.
Bustillos, M. (2013, March 19). On video games and storytelling: An interview with Tom Bissell. The New
Weir, K. (2017, January). Forgiveness can improve mental and physical health. Monitor on Psychology, 49(1), 30.
Author, A. A. (year). Title of book. Publisher Name. https://doi.org/xx.xxxx or https:/xxxxx (if applicable)
Print Book with Editions:
Brown, L. (2018). Feminist therapy (2nd ed.). American Psychological Association.
Chapter in an Edited Book with and without DOI:
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (2020). Title of chapter. In E. E. Editor (Ed.), Title of book (pp. 3-13). Publisher
Name. https:doi.or/xx.xxxx or https://www.xxxxxxx (if applicable)
Balsam, K. F., Martell, C. R., Jones, K. P., & Safren, S. A. (2019). Affirmative cognitive behavior therapy with
sexual and gender minority people. In G. Y. Iwamasa & P. A. Hays (Eds.), Culturally responsive
cognitive behavior therapy: Practice and supervision (2nd ed., pp. 287-314). American Psychological
Hospice and Palliative Nurses’ Association. (2007). Hospice and palliative nursing: Scope and standards of
practice (4th ed.). American Nurses Association.
Authored E-book or Audiobook without a DOI, with a Nondatabase URL:
Cain, S. (2012). Quiet: The power of introverts in a world that can’t stop talking (K. Mazur, Narr). [Audiobook].
Random House Audio. http://bit.ly/2G0Bpbl
Book in Another Language:
Amano, N., & Kondo, H. (2000). Nihongo no go tokusei [Lexical characteristics of Japanese language] (Vol 7).
Parenthetical citation: (Amano & Kondo, 2000)
Amano and Kondo (2000) discuss the importance of…OR According to Amano and Kondo (2000), it is critical…
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (2020). Title of work. Site Name. https://xxxxxxxxx
Website with no date:
Boddy, J., Neumann, T., Jennings, S., Morrow, V., Alderson, P., Rees, R., & Gibson, W. (n.d.). Ethics principles.
The Research Ethics Guidebook: A Resource for Social Scientists.
Website with Group Author:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018, January 23). People at high risk of developing flu-related
Reports, Press Release, and Codes of Ethics
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (2020). Title of report. Publisher Name. https://doi.org/xx.xxxx or
https://www.xxxxxxxxx (if applicable)
Report by a Government Agency or Other Organization:
National Cancer Institute. (2018). Facing forward: Life after cancer treatment (NIH Publication No. 18-2424).
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health.
U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2019, February 14). FDA authorizes first interoperable insulin pump
intended to allow patients to customize treatment through their individual diabetes management devices
[Press release]. https://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm631412.htm
Code of Ethics:
American Counseling Association. (2014). 2014 ACA code of ethics. https://www.counseling.org/knowledge-
Klymkowsky, M. (2018, September 15). Can we talk scientifically about free will? Sci-Ed.
Parenthetical citation: (Klymkowsky, 2018)
Narrative citation: Klymkowsky (2019) points out that… OR According to Klymkowsky (2019), free will is …
Presenter, A. A., & Presenter, B. B. (2020, September 18-20). Title of contribution [Type of contribution].
Conference Name, Location. https://doi.org/xx.xxx or https://www.xxxxxxxx
Fistek, A., Jester, E., & Sonnenberg, L. (2017, July 12-15). Everybody’s got a little music in them: Using music
therapy to connect, engage, and motivate [Conference session]. Autism Society National Conference,
Milwaukee, WI, United States. https://asa.con-fex.com/asa/2017/webprogramarchives/Sessions9517.html
Author, A. A. [@username]. (2019, August 8). Content of the post up to the first 20 words. Site Name.
Gaiman, N. (2018, March 22). 100,000+ Rohingya refugees could be at serious risk during Bangladesh’s
monsoon season. My fellow UNHCR Goodwill Ambassador Cate Blanchett is [image attached] [Status
update]. Facebook. http://bit.ly/2JQxPAD
Zeitz MOCAA [@zeitzmocaa]. (2018, November 26). Grade 6 learners from Parkfield’s Primary School in
Hanover Park visited the museum for a tour and workshop hosted by [Photographs]. Instagram.
Glass, I. (Host). (2011, August 12). Amusement park (No. 443) [Audio podcast episode]. In This American life.
WBEZ Chicago. https://www.thisamericanlife.org/radio-archives/episode/443/amusement-park
Cutts, S. (2017, November 24). Happiness [Video]. Vimeo. https://vimeo.com/244405542
University of Oxford. (2018, December 6). How do geckos walk on water? [Video]. YouTube.
Giertz, S. (2018, April). Why you should make useless things [Video]. TED Conferences.
TED. (2012, March 16). Brené Brown: Listening to shame [Video]. YouTube.