Week 3 Assignment – Conceptionalising Analysis. NO PLAGIARISM PROFESSOR USES TURNITIN

After reading Chapter 5, provide a summary of the following Intelligence models:

  1. The Intelligence Cycle
  2. Gill’s Cybernetic model
  3. The SARA model
  4. The NIM business model
  5. The 3-i model Investigative Intelligence- Chapter 5 Lecture Notes

     

     

    AWASH WITH TERMINOLOGY

     

    a. What is criminal intelligence?

     

    There are various definitions for criminal intelligence and no agreed standard terminology

     

    A common thread is that criminal intelligence is more than simply information

     

    b. What is crime analysis?

     

    Equally difficult to define, with various organizations promoting different definitions

     

    Crime intelligence is a term designed to bring together crime analysis and criminal intelligence analysis

     

    c. Data, information and knowledge?

     

    The traditional role of the collator has been replaced by knowledge workers who do more than simple information storage

     

    Old knowledge – criminal intelligence; New knowledge – crime analysis

     

    ‘information + analysis = intelligence’; fails to recognize the wide range of data and information sources that are of variable applicability and quality.

     

    d. DIKI continuum

     

    data–information–knowledge–intelligence

     

    Data are the observations and measurements we can make about crime

     

    Information is data with greater relevance and purpose

     

    Knowledge is data and information with added context, meaning, and a particular interpretation

     

    Intelligence‐ action part of the process. Knowledge products can generate understanding, but intelligence products are supposed to generate action

     

    e. From knowledge to intelligence

     

    For conversion of knowledge into actionable intelligence, analysts have to know their client’s environment and manage that relationship

    LEVELS OF CRIME INTELLIGENCE

     

    Tactical ‐ Support for front‐line areas, investigations and other operational areas in taking case‐specific action to achieve enforcement objectives

     

    Operational ‐ Supporting area commanders and regional operational commanders in planning crime reduction activity and deploying resources to achieve operational objectives

     

    Strategic ‐ Aiming to provide insight and understanding, and make a contribution to broad strategies, policies and resources

     

    a. NIM levels

     

    Level 1 – local

     

    Level 2 – Regional

     

    Level 3 ‐ National

     

    b. Viewpoint: A practitioner’s perspective on the National Intelligence Model

     

    CONCEPTUALIZING ANALYSIS

     

    The intelligence cycle is nicely cyclical, but does not emphasize policing or the role of decision‐makers

     

    Gill’s cybernetic model – a useful and instructive model but may be more academically relevant than operational?

     

    SARA model – a relevant model that doesn’t specifically include decision makers but is action oriented with an evaluative component

     

    a. NIM business model

     

    Original model has distinct parallels with SARA.

     

    New approach has a different definition of knowledge, with more prosaic and bureaucratic meaning, relating to familiarity with current legislation and case law, codes of practice, manuals of standards and ACPO guidance etc.

     

    b. The 3‐i model

     

    Analysis Interprets Criminal Environment, and Influences Decision‐makers who have an Impact on the Criminal Environment.

     

     

    CAN MODELS REFLECT REALITY?

     

    Time constraints often limit the ability of a model to be followed correctly

     

    NIM terminology has been criticized for complicating a simple process

     

    Models that emphasize relationships may be better for analysts to follow and understand

 

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