Create patient educational material to assist with adherence to treatment and/or non-pharmacologic management of asthma WHY ADHERE TO MEDICATION?
Medication is a priority in the treatment of your asthma. Research indicates that those with higher adherence have better outcomes. Conversely, suboptimal adherence to your medication increases asthma exacerbations such as attacks and poor symptoms
So, to control your condition, you must ensure that you follow the prescription. However, effective outcomes require more than taking medications.
Several nonpharmacological interventions have been proven scientifically to lower the severity of asthma. Some of the effective interventions include: –
TIPS ON NON- PHARMACOLOGICAL MANAGEMENT
1. BREATHING EXERCISE
Since asthma affects your respiratory system, breathing can help lower the attacks. An example of the breathing strategy is pursed lip breathing. While exploring the effects of this technique among asthma patients, Jaakkola et al. (2019) found that it lowered the symptoms of attacks. Pursed lip breathing elongates the airway opening, which facilitates effective gaseous exchange. The participants reported relaxing effects, which lowered the severity. To perform this exercise, you need to breathe steadily through your nose while closing your mouth.
Regular physical exercise help in maintaining a healthy weight which promotes optimal outcomes. Coulson et al. (2022) affirm that exercise reduces inflammation by lowering circulatory inflammatory proteins and also boosts lung capacity. This research also indicated that adequate exercise also reduces shortness of breath.
3. HEALTHY DIET
Research supports the health benefits of a balanced diet. Diet rich in magnesium and beta carotin contain antioxidants. These substances neutralize toxic free elements that create asthma exacerbations. The food choices include carrots and dark green leafy vegetables. This diet lower inflammatory agents produced by asthma.
4. AVOID EXPOSURE TO ALLERGENS AND TRIGGERS
You need to take note of the substances that exacerbate your asthma attacks. These substances can include pollen grains which are allergens. Others have mites, and animal fur, among other substances. Still, some food options can trigger allergic reactions, which requires you to be careful. Besides these triggers, you can plan to have a healthy lifestyle. For instance, tobacco contains thousands of harmful chemicals that can also increase inflammation. Live healthy by avoiding smoking and alcohol use.
Coulson, E., Carpenter, L. M., Georgia, T. E., & Baptist, A. P. (2022). Breathing exercises in older adults with asthma: a blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Journal of Asthma, 59(7), 1438-1444. https://doi.org/10.1080/02770903.2021.193 6015
Jaakkola, J. J., Aalto, S. A., Hernberg, S., Kiihamäki, S. P., & Jaakkola, M. S. (2019). Regular exercise improves asthma control in adults: A randomized controlled trial. Scientific reports, 9(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-48484- 8