Discussion: Social Work History, Mission, and Your Role
By Day 6
Respond to at least one colleague by drawing connections between their analysis of social work history, social work mission, and social change with yours.
History of Social Work
Several aspects of social welfare in the history of social work relate to the population I wish to serve, which are those individuals who are low income (usually on disability and Medicaid) and have experienced trauma. “ Elizabethan Poor Laws, which were instituted in England in 160I”, (Cox, Tice, Long, 2019 p. 27), affect the population I want serve. These laws were adopted by the colonists and one of the first ways law was instituted was “ Outdoor relief provided assistance to the deserving poor in their own homes and communities”, (Cox, Tice, Long, 2019 p. 28). The outdoor relief services are how I will be providing mental health services. We now call these services outpatient services. The outdoor relief services relate to another aspect of social work history I wish to discuss, Jane Adams and her work to change the lives of millions for years to come. (Cox, L. E., Tice, C. J., & Long, D. D., 2019).
Jane Adams was a pioneer who helped change the way society saw poverty. Jane was able to show the government and society the link between one’s environment and poverty. Jane started the Hull House “In response to the poverty that surrounded Hull House, the settlement house also offered day care for children, a club for working women, lectures and cultural programs, and a meeting place for neighborhood political groups” (Cox, Tice, Long, 2019 p. 29). Her work starting the Hull House in Chicago showed how supporting individuals in their own environment with what they need will help them get out of poverty on their own. Jane’s work led to influence the creation of the Social Security Act of 1935. This act would later influence the how the clients I want to serve are able to survive living on their Social Security Disability Income, which is not a lot; however, it does give them some income to live on, so they do not have to live in a facility. (Cox, L. E., Tice, C. J., & Long, D. D., 2019).
Mission of Social Work and My Goals
After the readings from this week, I was inspired even further and more convinced I made the right choice. The information on Mary Richmond really inspired me, as her life’s work has made it possible for me to follow my dreams and goal of becoming a master’s level social worker. Mary led the way and advocated for individuals to be trained properly to work with individuals who need specific needs. Mary showed through example with her work through charity organizations; how successful using trained people in this way could be. Mary Richmond wrote the first book on diagnosis called Social Diagnosis, (VCU Libraries Social Welfare History Project, n.d. Richmond, Mary). This book was utilized by the trained workers in organizations to help assess the needs of individuals. This seems very similar to assessment used by the clinicians at the mental health facility I currently work with it and plan to work with upon successful graduation of my program. (VCU Libraries Social Welfare History Project. (n.d.). Richmond, Mary.).
Cox, L. E., Tice, C. J., & Long, D. D. (2019). Introduction to social work; An advocacy-based profession. (2nd ed.) SAGE Publications, Inc.
VCU Libraries Social Welfare History Project. (n.d.). Richmond, Mary.
Discussion: Social Work History, Mission, and Your Role
One of the critical aspects linked to social work history is social welfare. The aspect is founded on developing an understanding between the government and its people regarding resource allocation that improves the welfare of the groups of interest. According to chapter two, social welfare encompasses the allocation of resources, such as finances, expertise, and personnel that can propel social welfare causes. I have chosen to work with children and part of their welfare needs include their academics, healthcare needs, and home care needs. Furthermore, Chapter two highlights that one of the ways to advance social welfare is through the development of policies associated with such needs. For instance, the development of policies that allocates resources for the advancement of such needs for the children. The main mission of social work involves improving human well-being and meeting human needs linked to well-being. Subsequently, the mission aligns with my goal to improve the living standards of these children by developing policies that enhance their welfare.
Chapter Two: The History of Social Work
Discussion: Challenges in Micro Work
By Day 6
Respond to at least two colleagues:
· Describe whether you agree or disagree with your colleague’s use of self-disclosure based on the guidelines to consider when using self-disclosure.
· Provide an example of a third technique not previously recommended by you or your colleague and explain why you believe that technique might also be effective in this scenario.
When it comes to self disclosure at times it can be hard to avoid. It is appropriate to use self disclosure when trying to connect with a client with a client. It is important that it is relevant to the situation or an experience that might be hard for the client. Remembering that “Self disclosure is process-oriented not out-come based practice issue” (urdang 2010). An example of a type of self disclosure I might use in the scenario of the mother and daughter conflict would be deliberate self exposure. When the daughter asks “wouldnt you’? In reference to being upset about her living conditions. I would maybe say something like there have been times I have also been upset with certain living conditions of my own.
The interviewing technique I would use is empathy and compassion. I would say something in terms of I feel the upset that this is causing both of you. Validating both of their feelings. I feel that using empathy as a technique will help the mother open up more. Since it seems she is a hoarder and is deeling with other issues she may be defensive if asked to many questions pertaining to the homes state. Showing empathy for her feelings and concerns rather then focusing on the houses condition will help her be more willing to move forward with a plan of action. At the same time also validating the daughters feelings and being empathetic to her as well will help her see the offered help as possibly helpful for everyone involved.
Kirst-Ashman, K.K., & Hull, G. H. , Jr. (2018). Empowerment series: Understanding generalist practice (8th ed.) Cenage Learning.
Walden University, LLC (Producer). (2013). Sessions: Parker(episode 1) [Video]. https://class.waldenu.edu
Self-disclosure is a difficult topic to fit into a social worker’s daily routine. One one hand, it can help us relate to the client and make them feel more comfortable. However, on the other hand, it can also overwhelm the client and put the attention on us rather than on them. In this scenario, I don’t think giving feedback about the client’s behavior would be helpful. Rather, I would choose to give information about my role as a social worker, as well as the role of the intensive case manager. It seems Mrs. Parker is very pessimistic about the outcome of the social workers’ intervention, so it could help ease her mind to explain our roles and how we can work with them to improve their home life, as well as their relationship with one another. I think that this would help educate the client as well as give her hope towards the situation. The interview technique that I would use in this scenario is providing information. At the end of the video, Mrs. Parker seemed very concerned about how the social workers would help her situation. I can take this time to provide information about how the intensive care manager will work with her and her mother to improve their relationship, as well as her mother’s hoarding. I will also explain how they will have to compromise on certain situations, but as social workers we can help them form these compromises. The client was also concerned about her bipolar disorder interacting with her mother’s dementia, which I can explain the various ways both disorders can be treated and how they can learn to work together despite their individual issues. I think this approach will put them both at ease, and have them go into the intensive care manager’s interview with more positivity than they previously would have. I also believe it is important to remember what Brene Brown explained about restraining from judgment, even if it is difficult. This situation is complex, and it would be easy to judge both women before taking the time to learn and understand how their situation came to be. For example, after learning that Mrs. Parker’s mother started hoarding after her husband died, the situation becomes more understandable and relatable. Before learning that information, it might be easy to write her mother off as lazy or messy without understanding why she came to be that way.
Kirst-Ashman, K. K., & Hull, G. H., Jr. (2018). Empowerment series: Understanding generalist practice (8th ed.). CENGAGE Learning. Chapter 2, “Practice Skills for Working With Individuals” (pp. 59–101)
The RSA. (2013, December 10). Brené Brown on empathy [Video]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Evwgu369Jw
Walden University, LLC. (Producer). (2013). Sessions: Parker (episode 1) [Video]. https://class.waldenu.edu
Discussion: Challenges in MicroWork
Self-disclosure remains a vital tool when developing rapport with clients. When social worker discloses information about themselves to the client, they can develop a platform of trust with the client that goes a long way in developing a great relationship between the two (Szczygiel, 2021). When sharing one’s unique experiences, history, or emotional responses, the client receives alternative viewpoints or emotional validation. In the chosen scenario, I would disclose a time when I lost a loved one and how difficult it was to discard their stuff because it represented their presence. Moreover, I learned about being empathetic and sympathetic when engaging with clients. The former type of interview represents putting oneself in the client’s position or situation and understanding how they feel while the latter cuts off the established connection (Davis, 2013). In this scenario, I would use empathetic words to demonstrate to the client that it is okay to be vulnerable and that I understand their position. For instance, “I lost a loved one too and I understand how difficult it can be to erase all that represents their memories.”
Davis, K. (2013). Brene Brown on empathy [Video]. YouTube.
Szczygiel, P. (2021). Navigating student self-disclosure through a relational lens: Examples of increased self-awareness from a social work classroom. Clinical Social Work Journal, 49(1), 77-84.