Replies to two classmates.

Reply to peer’s discussion (150 words). Turnitin is less than 15%.

Each reply to a peer’s discussion needs citation and reference.

Reply to classmate’s discussion ( answers to your peer of 150 words) each reply needs citation and reference. Turnitin less 15%.

 

Classmate 1 post:

For anyone who goes and clicks on the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) website would be easy to understand the value of this organization and its recommendations on health prevention. Approved by the Congress in 1984, this independent group integrated Primary care and Prevention expert health care providers with the task of gathering and doing an analysis of current references and literature related to preventative therapeutic and creating from them solid evidence-based arguments to elaborate recommendations for the clinicians that could be followed in a standard pattern and guarantee a better outcome for the patients and the community (AHRQ,2021).

The panel of 16 volunteers nationally recognized experts (Internal Medicine, Pediatrics, GYN/OB, Geriatrics, family medicine, Nursing, and Behavioral health) has worked together in elaborating recommendations for screenings and prevention in at least 80 medical conditions. Even when it is an independent group, it is under the supervision of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (Health-Reform,2021).

Since then, there have occurred a few changes to those screening recommendations whose main value is to provide the health providers with clear guidelines to work with the patients to make the best-informed decisions about their general wellness and potential physical conditions, on a preventive approach (Trinite et al., 2019).

The current recommendations are the same that were voted and approved in 2012 and include Grades given in 5 letters (A, B, C, D, I). The A category shows the highest evidence that supports the benefits that a service or screening should be offered and discussed with patients falling under its parameters. B Grade means that this service is also very recommended by the USPSTF with a moderate certainty of being beneficial. Services Graded as C show small evidence of benefits, while the evidence for D is that it has no benefit and the harms it could cause surpasses the benefits (It’s not recommended, even discouraged to be used, by the USPSTF). The I Grade completes the last category and includes those services that lack conflictive evidence to support it or to evaluate the balance between benefits and harms, and the patient should be aware of it in the conversation if the provider finds any justification to offer it to them (United States Preventive Services Taskforce, 2018).

As a result of the strong evidence that supports these recommendations, the federal Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act requires, since 2010, that the screenings highlighted under the Grades A or B, should be completely covered by the individual’s insurance. That adds more value to the group’s guidance because the patients cannot only get an early diagnosis, leading to a better outcome, but also have a very significant financial meaning to the customers (Health-Reform,2021).

References

Health-Reform (2021). Preventive Services Tracker. KFF.  https://www.kff.org/health-reform/report/preventive-services-tracker/

United States Preventive Services Taskforce. (2018). Grade Definitions Www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org.  https://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/about-uspstf/methods-and-processes/grade-definitions

AHRQ. (2021) U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Www.ahrq.gov.  https://www.ahrq.gov/cpi/about/otherwebsites/uspstf/index.html

Trinite, T., Loveland-Cherry, C., Marion, L. (2019 The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force: An Evidence-Based Prevention Resource for Nurse Practitioners | United States Preventive Services Taskforce. Www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org.  https://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/about-uspstf/methods-and-processes/evidence-based-prevention-resource-nurse-practitioners

 

 

Classmate 2 post:

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force is a self-governing, charitable organization of national specialists in evidence-based medicine and prevention that offers advice on clinical preventive services such as testing exams, psychotherapy, and preventive drugs. Congress has granted the Joint commission permission to help the USPSTF concerning science, technology, administration, and marketing. Congress authorized the founding of the U.S. Precautionary services Mission Force in 1984 (Bauchner et al., 2016). Doctors for primary care providers develop recommendations from the Task Force. The primary care and preventive medicine specialities in the Task Force are general medicine, family practice, paediatricians, mental health treatment, gynaecology, and nurses (Davidson et al., 2020). Their guidelines are meant to assist primary care professionals and clients in jointly determining if preventive therapy is appropriate for a client’s requirements. They are based on a thorough examination of the available peer-reviewed research.

The USPSTF is significant because it strives to improve people’s health across the country by offering suggestions on how to live longer and prevent infection. Based on solid research, screening should be applied along with competent mechanisms. For adults who live in the community and are more likely to fall, the USPSTF advises exercise treatments. When an individual does not show any signs of an illness, a scan test is done to look for likely health matters or illnesses (Davidson et al., 2020). The objective is early identification, lifestyle modifications, or investigation to lower the danger of infection or to identify it early to receive the best care. In particular, as you age, health checks are a crucial element of maintaining excellent health. If people followed their doctor’s advice and underwent basic, routine health tests, we may avoid many deaths. Health screenings can identify issues early when there are the best possibilities for a successful recovery.

The task force educates primary care practitioners and their patients on the advantages and disadvantages of various preventative treatments so that they can jointly decide on the optimal course of treatment for each patient. The organization supports collaborative decision-making about preventive care between people and healthcare professionals. The Task Force offers advice on illnesses and condition prevention for people of all ages (Bauchner et al., 2016). The benefit of preventive services to the health care system in the country is immeasurable. They can lower a person’s chance of contracting or discovering a disease at an earlier stage when it is easier to treat. However, specific preventative measures could not be as beneficial to patients as anticipated or, even worse, might be harmful. Therefore, clinicians must access reliable, evidence-based information regarding what contributes to the prevention and what does not.

 

References

Bauchner, H., Fontanarosa, P. B., & Golub, R. M. (2016). JAMA welcomes the U.S. Preventive Services, Task Force. JAMA315(4), 351.  https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2015.18448

Davidson, K. W., Kemper, A. R., Doubeni, C. A., Tseng, C. W., Simon, M. A., Kubik, M., … & Borsky, A. (2020). Developing primary care–based recommendations for social determinants of health: methods of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Annals of internal medicine173(6), 461-467.

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