Project manager

Pagana: Mosby’s Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests, 6th Edition

 

Esophageal Reflux Case Studies

A 45-year-old woman complained of heartburn and frequent regurgitation of “sour” material into her mouth. Often while sleeping, she would be awakened by a severe cough. The results of her physical examination were negative.

 

Studies Results
Routine laboratory studies Negative
Barium swallow (BS), p. 941 Hiatal hernia
Esophageal function studies (EFS), p. 624  
Lower esophageal sphincter (LES)

pressure

4 mm Hg (normal: 10–20 mm Hg)
Acid reflux Positive in all positions (normal: negative)
Acid clearing Cleared to pH 5 after 20 swallows (normal:

<10 swallows)

Swallowing waves Normal amplitude and normal progression
Bernstein test Positive for pain (normal: negative)
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD), p. 547 Reddened, hyperemic, esophageal mucosa
Gastric scan, p. 743 Reflux of gastric contents to the lungs
Swallowing function, p. 1014 No aspiration during swallowing

 

 

Diagnostic Analysis

 

The barium swallow indicated a hiatal hernia. Although many patients with a hiatal hernia have no reflux, this patient’s symptoms of reflux necessitated esophageal function studies. She was found to have a hypotensive LES pressure along with severe acid reflux into her esophagus. The abnormal acid clearing and the positive Bernstein test result indicated esophagitis caused by severe reflux. The esophagitis was directly visualized during esophagoscopy. Her coughing and shortness of breath at night were caused by aspiration of gastric contents while sleeping. This was demonstrated by the gastric nuclear scan. When awake, she did not aspirate, as evident during the swallowing function study. The patient was prescribed esomeprazole (Nexium). She was told to avoid the use of tobacco and caffeine. Her diet was limited to small, frequent, bland feedings. She was instructed to sleep with the head of her bed elevated at night. Because she had only minimal relief of her symptoms after 6 weeks of medical management, she underwent a laparoscopic surgical antireflux procedure. She had no further symptoms.

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Running head: ASSIGNMENT TITLE HERE

 

 

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Building a Project Schedu

Value of a Work Breakdown Structure

The main role of WBS is to distinguish and plan for an effective and easier strategy, the activities prompting fruitful completion of the project. Besides the fact that the WBS helps in planning and monitoring project activities, having this tool helps in budgeting. Project work breakdown designs can also be used to detect expected risks in a given project. Anytime a project is ragging behind, use of this tool can easily identify critical deliverables affected by a poor work plan. This tool gives a clear picture of the project scope

WBS helps in estimating effort needed, time as well as money needed to complete a project. It assists the venture administrator in understanding bits of work that make up the large achievements and how much does every activity require effort, time and cash to have the option to deliver the expected outcomes. It in this way eventually helps in methodology, planning and assessment. Using this tool, a project manager can identify what must be included and excluded from the undertaking to the stakeholders during the project initial phase. That way the project director can focus in on what should be done to complete the project on time

Having a WBS consequently provides a way for alleviating project risks. Since a WBS is created before any project activity has been done, it is easy to reduce project risks by simply defining each undertaking expected to complete the project (Norman & Fried, 2020). You and your associates can actually detect risk areas and work on them. WBS helps quick and better project planning, once you have a WBS it will be significantly easier for you to define and characterize the undertaking’s activities. It furthermore gives a way to estimate project costs definitively. Base up assessment is potentially the most exact procedures, since you break the project into little modules, you can actually check the cost, time as well as risks of each and every module.

Further development of the WBS assists project managers in creating a project schedule as well as refinement of the project monetary plan. WBS and the project facts that can be recovered from it are critical to any project success. The WBS engages the project manager to screen, measure and control various elements of any given task. As a result of the WBS, project administrator will secure universal visibility over the advancement and status of each and every deliverable and its components.

Importance of Monitoring Critical Success Factors

Critical Success Factors are the fundamental elements that should be properly monitored in an event a project intends to attain its goals, and also complete on time. By monitoring CSFs, project heads can create a common point of reference that will help a project in coordinating and estimating its outcome. Critical Success Factors as the main point of reference assist everybody within the project to know the most critical aspect of the project (Blokdijk, 2018). This helps the team in performing their duties as expected in the right setting to achieve the project goals.

Critical success factors (CSFs) and their performance assessment assume a significant role of connecting everyday operational activities to the project’s activities. Without exhaustive and complete information on its CSFs, the project performance management cannot produce the expected outcomes. Any project chief ought to continue monitoring and rethinking project basic achievement factors regularly to guarantee that project team continue to advance towards expected goals. Critical success factors are now and again less unmistakable than quantifiable objectives or targets of the venture, so it is helpful to recognize as explicitly as conceivable how a task head can quantify or screen everyone.

Characterizing and observing critical success factors is the best way to watch out for anything the expectations demands. Assuming that a task or association just knows the objective they need to reach, and not how they will arrive, becoming mixed up in the weeds is simple. Critical success factors are the best way to know what is exactly needed to accomplish all deliverables. Without this information, expectations are hypotheticals. Project managers are tasked with ensuring that the project is a success hence monitoring success factors on a project is always on top of their list.

By properly monitoring critical success factors a project manager ought to have the option to connect and line up with the project critical objectives. They are used to decide how a project unit, division, or capacity can arrive at its particular objectives and work with positive headway toward the venture’s essential objectives. These elements likewise impact how project team support and do their part in adding to smart courses of action and goals.

Managers who are outfitted to delivering transient working outcomes put significant exertion in following and directing their undertaking’s performance, and thusly employ monitoring CSFs to assess existing circumstances consistently. Practically all supervisors make them screen CSFs, which frequently incorporate monetarily plan CSFs, for example, actual execution versus spending plan or the ongoing status of product or service exchange cost. Another monitoring CSF may be staff turnover rates.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reference

 

Blokdijk, G. (2018). Critical success factor – Simple steps to win, insights and opportunities for Maxing out success. Complete Publishing.

Martinelli, R. J., & Milosevic, D. Z. (2019). Project management toolbox: Tools and techniques for the practicing project manager. John Wiley & Sons.

Analyze The Key Elements of Each Stage in The Cycle.

The basic elements of the communication process include sender, receiver, message, channel, and feedback. For any communication process to be complete the following must take place. Generate the message, encode the message, transmit the message through a medium, and receive the message. Decode the message and finally absorb the content

Sender: Initiates the communication process as he or she sends the message to the intended person. This can be achieved either through writing or speaking. The communication process starts with the sender.

Message: Also known as the subject matter of this process, i.e., the content of the letter, speech, order, information, idea, or suggestion. This is the second phase of the communication, this phase focus on the message that needs to go through the communication process.

Communication channel: This is the media through which the sender passes the information and understanding to the receiver. It acts as a connection between the communicator and the receiver, i.e., the levels of communication or relationships that exist between different individuals or departments of an organization.

Receiver: Receives the message for whom the communication is meant. The reception receives the information, order or message. The receiver is simply the destination of the message i.e. the last person in the communication process. He or she receives the message sent by the sender.

Feedback: Plays a huge role in making communication process a success. This is the reaction to the message sent to the receiver, a feedback can be in form of a notification from the receiver that he has received the message or a comment on the message.

Noise: For effective communication to take place, it is important for the sender to ensure that no external noise exists in the surrounding environment as this can act as a barrier to the communication process

Identify potential communication barriers within a team function.

Lack of Clarity of Details: The sender is, more often than not, 100% sure that his message is clear. What he doesn’t comprehend is the basic reality that what is obvious to him need not be obvious to others due to such countless reasons. However, on the off chance that the idea isn’t clear even to himself then he can be certain that it won’t ever be plainly grasped by the other party. Hence the absence of consistent focus with respect to the original sender is one of the main barriers to effective communication.

Verbose Language: Verbose expression use a lot of unnecessary words clouding the main point to be understood, with the inevitable result that the receiver easily gives up his effort to get at the real meaning of the message. These are avoidable barriers.

Faulty Grammar Usage: Faulty grammar saps the vitality of many a good message. Both the sender and the recipient of the messages could be similarly at fault for poor language and the victim regardless is the adequacy of the correspondence.

Cultural Variations: Even though we could use the same language for connecting with different nationalities, it is imperative that we take into account the possible cultural variations which could seriously influence the undertone of the message as figured out by the recipient from an alternate social background. So additional consideration should be practiced while speaking with individuals with particularly different traditions and utilizations.

 

Research three communication strategies & Provide a Description of each

Strategy One

A) Learn to distinguish assertive language from aggressive (more direct) language. Assume you moved to a far-off nation and there are two individuals. One individual tells you “You MUST get familiar with the language!!!”The other person tells you “You will realize by yourself that learning the local language will benefit you in many ways.” Which approach do you think is better? Obviously, version 2, it’s less direct and sounds friendlier.

Strategy Two

b) Be always respectful towards the other person, no matter whether you communicate orally or in writing. Also bear in mind that you don’t write the same way as you talk (Unless, you want to write an engaging blog post and apply a conversational writing style.)

 

Strategy Three

If you get feedback from others, never take it personally (Kwansah-Aidoo, 2017). Consider it as an opportunity to learn. In the event that you then again need to give another person criticism, begin with a positive note, mention points that need to be changed/improved and end again with a positive note (it’s known as the “sandwich” method).

d) Make sure your spoken word and body language are in sync. On the off chance that they are not, people will trust your non-verbal communication as opposed to what is emerging from your mouth. Words can lie however non-verbal communication is hard to control.

 

How to Improve Communication

The recommended approach to improve communication is a functional approach. This viewpoint implies having a structure to work with the cycles of motivation, objective setting, participative gatherings and working with representatives to match individual objectives to business objectives. Advancing the quintessence of business corresponding to client assumptions and generating profit or offering types of assistance are added practices (Perkins, 2019). The communication process is a system of interrelated parts that are progressing, dynamic and continuous through verbal and nonverbal components.

To enhance effective communication, you ought to continually speak with many people. Furthermore, regardless of who these individuals are – stakeholders, clients, partners, associates or distant representatives, you ought to have the option to track down the right methodology for every interlocutor. That is the reason solid communication abilities are your pass to big opportunities. In any case, you risk losing significant opportunities and going down in your profession.

In this way, the critical moment here is to gain proficiency in the way to communicate accurately with various stakeholders and keep awake to date with the most recent business communication patterns. To enhance these skills, practicing and observing people plays a huge role. You can as well enlist for a communication course to enhance your communication skills. It is easy to learn through observing people, how they behave and interact is very crucial and gives live feedback too through their reactions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Kwansah-Aidoo, K. (2017). Topical issues in communications and media research. Nova Publishers.

Bouhafs, F., Mackay, M., & Merabti, M. (2018). Communication challenges and solutions in the smart grid. Springer.

Perkins, P. S. (2019). The art and science of communication: Tools for effective communication in the workplace. John Wiley & Sons.

Explain The Importance of An Implementation Checklist.

 

Importance of Addressing Change Management

Implementation checklists provide an easy way to understand and recall important information for those who administer and oversee a project. They fill a moderately straightforward need: to guarantee activities are monitored, finished, and assessed for precision or execution. Checklists also help project coordinators and managers remain accountable (especially when workers are in highly regulated industries or compliance requirements are involved). They also act as a reinforcement to help managers not forget any tasks. A well-structured implementation checklist for a project should organize information in the order tasks should be completed and present all information as concisely as possible.

Creating a to-do list of tomorrow’s activities the night before can be really effective and extremely helpful when it comes to organizing your day or week and making sure you get to be highly productive while staying on top of all your priorities. It keeps you grounded and track of all the little things you need doing and prioritizing (Wysocki, 2018). Establishing your workflows and processes in a form of a checklist allows you to perform all the necessary steps involved in task execution and therefore helps maintain the standard and quality of your work.

Implementation checklists are a type of process documentation and in many contexts can be helpful in project management. Mistakes are staggeringly costly, and checklists guarantee against missing steps as well as help in avoiding errors. An implementation checklist helps the project team to zero in on the job that needs to be done and not “What’s next?” All project activities should be completed in time and the inability to finish one prompts the failure of the whole project hence having a list of all activities on a checklist ensures that all activists are addressed.

 

 

2. Explain the importance of addressing change management in the implementation phase of project management.

Implementation checklists provide an easy way to understand and recall important information for those who administer and oversee a project. They fill a moderately straightforward need: to guarantee activities are monitored, finished, and assessed for precision or execution. Checklists also help project coordinators and managers remain accountable (especially when workers are in highly regulated industries or compliance requirements are involved). They also act as a reinforcement to help managers not forget any tasks. A well-structured implementation checklist for a project should organize information in the order tasks should be completed and present all information as concisely as possible.

Creating a to-do list of tomorrow’s activities the night before can be really effective and extremely helpful when it comes to organizing your day or week and making sure you get to be highly productive while staying on top of all your priorities. It keeps you grounded and track of all the little things you need doing and prioritizing (Wysocki, 2018). Establishing your workflows and processes in a form of a checklist allows you to perform all the necessary steps involved in task execution and therefore helps maintain the standard and quality of your work.

Implementation checklists are a type of process documentation and in many contexts can be helpful in project management. Mistakes are staggeringly costly and checklists guarantee against missing steps as well as helps in avoiding errors. An implementation checklist helps project team to zero in on the job that needs to be done and not “What’s next?” All project activities should be completed in time and inability to finish one prompts the failure of the whole project hence having a list of all activities on a checklist ensures that all activist are addressed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Heerkens, G. R. (2017). Project management. Place of publication not identified: Mcgraw-Hill Education.

Kerzner, H. (2017). Project management: A systems approach to planning, scheduling, and controlling.

Wysocki, R. K. (2018). Effective Project Management: Traditional, Agile, Extreme. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

The purpose of this assignment is to discuss the value of monitoring project progress and evaluating outcomes to develop quality and safety initiatives. In a 750-900-word paper, address the following:

 

Discuss the value of monitoring the progress of planned change and the impact it has on project outcomes.

Explain the benefits of evaluating overall project outcomes.

Discuss the importance of final project analysis and debriefing following project closure.

Discuss who should be involved in the project debriefing.

Explain why it’s important to celebrate successful completion of a project.

How would you celebrate successful completion?

If all desired outcomes are not met in a project, describe the appropriate next steps.

Based on the case study in which you have applied the principles of project management to in Topics 3-8, develop at least two potential resulting quality and safety initiatives.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

Rubric

A discussion on the value of monitoring the progress of the project and the impact it has on project outcomes is present and thorough.

An explanation of the benefits of evaluating overall project outcomes is present and thorough.

A discussion of the importance of final project analysis and debriefing following project closure is present and thorough.

A discussion on who should be involved in the project debriefing is present and thorough.

An explanation of why it is important and how they would celebrate successful completion of a project is present and thorough.

A description of the next steps if not all desired outcomes are met is present and thorough.

Quality and Safety Initiatives (C6.2) Two quality and safety initiatives are developed and thorough.

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