Topic 3 DQ 2

Respond to the two colleagues post attached number one and two separately. By asking questions to help clarify the scenario and application of data, or offering additional/alternative ideas for the application of nursing informatics principles.

APA format

Min 3 resources

Peer 1

Afolabi Oyesile

Discuss the difference between a nursing conceptual model and a nursing theory. Select a nursing theory and provide a concise summary of it. Provide an example in nursing practice where the nursing theory you selected would be effective in managing patient care.

There are steps to take in order to do nursing research and solve a problem. Similar ideas and thoughts are gathered in one place. A nursing theory is a comprehensive framework comprised of precise and methodical notions that organize disciplinary thought and influence clinical practice “(Grand Canyon University, 2018). Nursing theories can be used to improve patient care. In terms of nursing theories focusing on the individual, the environment, health, and nursing, this metaparadigm integrates theoretical assumptions and defines crucial areas for nursing and patient care (Grand Canyon University, 2018).

Patients are held back by restrictive constraints, while pushing forces urge them forward, and balancing has no effect on either. Kurt Lewin’s theory of change emphasizes each of these ideas. The change theory has three stages: unfreezing, which helps patients move forward by letting go, change, which involves changing one’s beliefs, attitudes, and actions, and refreezing, in which the patient embraces the change as a new habit. Patients are more likely to revert to their former behavior patterns if this stage is skipped.” (Petiprin, 2020).

This nursing hypothesis may be useful for diabetics who have recently had a BKA. Patients who have had BKA may decide to change their diet and exercise routines in order to lower their chance of recurrent amputation and mortality. Depression in a patient may lead to poor coping strategies, such as binge eating and sleeping all day, rather than healthy lifestyle changes. Patients might benefit from information and tools to better understand their condition and its consequences on the body. We can help people avoid uncontrolled diabetes by teaching them on dietary and physical activity improvements and supporting them while they make these changes.


Grand Canyon University (Ed). (2018). Dynamics in nursing: Art & science of professional practice. Retrieved from

Petiprin, A. (2020). Lewin’s Change Theory – Nursing Theory. Nursing Theory. Retrieved from



Peer #2

Migdiala Troncoso


Nursing Conceptual Model and Nursing Theory


Difference between Caregiving conceptual model and nursing theory


At a glance, a nursing conceptual model is a model that offers a structure for observation, explanation, and reflection of a situation, and particularly, it gives guidance and instructions for features of clinical operation (Peters, 2018). On the other hand, nursing theory is defined as diligent and inventive organizing of plans that gauge a provisional, resolute, and structured perspective of the situation, through this the nurses are able to develop applicable knowledge to enhance the care of patients. Moreover, a nursing conceptual model offers direction and a procedural way to research at a nursing juncture. In contrast, a nursing theory describes a specific nursing situation used in the nursing field to provide approaches to patient care.


Nursing theory


There are various nursing theories and they include, self-care theory, theory of human caring and transcultural theory, nursing need theory, theory of mutual relations, and environmental theory. Other models in nursing include the 21 caregiving problems theory in addition to cure care core theory and nursing operation theory. Therefore, the selected nursing theory to shape the focus of this discussion is none other than the human caring theory. According to (Durgun Ozan & Okumuş, 2017) study, the theory of human caring focuses on how caregivers and the treatment schemes they introduce can encourage well-being and avert diseases. The theory of human caring asserts that all patients are different and special, hence caregivers should provide treatment according to the progress of the patient instead of offering treatment according to an extensive assessment.


An example of a nursing exercise where the thesis of human caring would be essential in controlling patient well-being is where a caregiver would express care to the patient, promote well-being, prevent ailment and restore health (Durgun Ozan & Okumuş, 2017). A caregiver will engage one’s sentiments in the caring connection and psychological happenings while looking after the physical and well-being needs of the patient. For instance, in a cancer center where patients are undergoing chemotherapy, most patients get nausea, vomiting, and pain, the nurse will apply the theory of human caring whereby, the caregiver will make the patients feel more comfortable and help them feel fewer side effects of chemotherapy.


In a nutshell, the caregiver will practice sympathy and kindness, develop care, encourage patients to express all their emotions, give them hope about their condition and also create a healing environment that will give patients hope for good outcomes.








Durgun Ozan, Y., & Okumuş, H. (2017). Effects of nursing care based on Watson’s theory of human caring on anxiety, distress, and coping, when infertility treatment fails: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Caring Sciences, 6(2), 95-109.


Peters, E. (2018). Compassion fatigue in nursing: A concept analysis. Nursing Forum, 53(4), 466-480.

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