Rough Draft Part 2









Climate Change


Bethzaida Ramirez


GEN499 General Education Capstone


Professor David Layton


May 26, 2022


Climate Change Rough Draft

Climate change is a massive hazard to people all around the world. The significant distinction between climate change and weather is that climatic change is measured over time, an extended period, and can vary from day to day or year to year. The climate of a location is influenced by seasonal rainfall and wind patterns. Human activities such as coal combustion and other fossil fuels like oil contribute significantly to climate change (Liu et al, 2018). Climate experts agree that human activities are to blame for the recent global warming and the substantial consequences of future climate change. Climate change is causing societies worldwide to work together to address new difficulties that were not foreseen as some people may be forced to relocate as a result of climate change.

More research is needed to develop effective climate change mitigation strategies because of the harmful impact of the problem on plants, animals, and people. There are many decisions and human activities influencing the earth systems and processes which lead to increase to global warming and these human activities and the decisions need to be addressed quickly. The thesis statement that can be used in the research is climate change leads to extreme events such as droughts and floods but embracing renewable energy can help reduce climate change. Comment by TutorMe Tutor: Remove this from the sentence. Using the word “thesis” in your thesis statement is much like when you are watch a tv show and all of a sudden a character looks directly at the camera as if they can see YOU (who isn’t in the world of the film)

Background Information on Climate Change

Burning fossil fuels is one human activity that emits large amounts of carbon dioxide over time, traps heat in the lower atmosphere. A considerable shift in average weather conditions over several years, such as growing wetter, dryer, or warmer, is defined as climate change (Saarinen, 2020). Climate change threatens everyone, affects everyone, and some communities are more vulnerable than others (Blattner, 2020). Megacities, small island, other coastal regions, and hilly areas are especially susceptible to the climatic changes. Comment by TutorMe Tutor: Remove this comma, add the word “and” Comment by TutorMe Tutor: This word needs to be plural

Children, especially those in developing countries, are susceptible to health dangers. Elderly adults, people with disabilities or pre-existing medical conditions are more prone to have serious health problems. Climate change is a major global issue, and many agencies have called for action in response, even though experts agree that human activity is the primary cause of climate change. On the other hand, Conservative Americans do not believe that human activity leads to climatic changes. Most conservatives deny that climate change is a reality. While the consequences of climate change are evident, it is remarkable that some people still deny that it is happening and that it is caused by human activity. Comment by TutorMe Tutor: Remove this comma, replace with the word “and” Comment by TutorMe Tutor: This doesn’t need to be capitalized

The heat emitted from the Earth’s surface is absorbed by greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide. High concentrations of these gases cause Earth to warm by trapping more heat. The combustion of fossil fuels has increased the concentration of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere by about 40% since the beginning of the revolution of industries. Widespread thermometer records provide the most apparent evidence for surface warming. Other evidence of global warming exists, such as warming of the lower atmosphere and Upper Ocean layers. Comment by TutorMe Tutor: the Earth Comment by TutorMe Tutor: Comma not needed

In the Northern Hemisphere, snow and ice cover have also decreased. In addition, the Greenland ice sheet is melting, and sea levels are rising. The main result of climate change, global warming, has a tremendous impact on Earth (Von et al, 2021). It can, for example, create intense health waves that result in scorching days and nights. Drought and wildfires are caused by increased evaporation on land due to global warming. Climate change may bring higher precipitations which are heavy showers and snowstorms in various world places as atmospheric capacity increases. Due to warmer waters and a moister atmosphere, climate change is also linked to more hurricanes. The expansion of water quantities as the ocean warms has accelerated sea-level rise.

Mountain glaciers are melting in various parts of the planet, and the Antarctic ice sheets and Greenland are losing mass.

Climate change has an impact on infection patterns. Climate change affects waterborne disease, according to WHO (2018) leading to increased illnesses. Climate change can lengthen and change the transmission seasons of common vector-borne diseases and their geographic range. Climate change, for example, is predicted to significantly expand the geographic area where the snail-borne illness can be found in China. Additionally from research, it has been proven that climatic changes have a significant effect in the increase of diseases and illnesses. Comment by TutorMe Tutor: Comma after this

Solutions to Climate Change

Climate change has several negative consequences for people, animals, plants, items, and the planet. Fortunately, there are various options for reversing, stopping, or preventing climate change. Stopping deforestation, supporting afforestation are the initial measures in dealing with this worldwide issue of climate change. Stopping forest degradation and encouraging and investing in tree plantations involves government and individual action. Preventing, reversing deforestation, forest degradation, particularly in tropical countries, is vital for combating climate change. Deforestation is responsible for about 25% of greenhouse gas emissions. Ten nations are responsible for deforestation, with Indonesia and Brazil accounting for 54 percent of total emissions. Increased forest cover can boost carbon sequestration because forests absorb CO2. It also supports this idea, noting that reforestation is one of the world`s top priorities in the fight against climate change. Most governments have begun to set aside 1 million hectares of forest planting every year. Comment by TutorMe Tutor: Remove this comma, replace with the word “and” Comment by TutorMe Tutor: This doesn’t work

Renewable energy adoption is the second solution to global climate change. Renewable energy is usually at the top of the possible climate change adaptations list. Renewable energy sources are recommended for reducing climate change since they do not emit carbon dioxide or other greenhouse gases (Brecken, 2020). Geothermal energy, biomass, wind energy, solar energy and hydroelectric power are all examples of renewable energy sources. The majority of wealthy countries are transitioning away from fossil fuels and toward renewable energy.

The countries have also adopted flexible policies and approaches to renewable energy implementation. Renewable energy regulations should be implemented by cities, states, and national governments worldwide. Improving energy efficiency is another way to combat climate change. According to the report, most cultures waste a lot of energy. Energy efficiency initiatives in all industries can make a significant, necessary, painless, and non-controversial contribution.


Energy efficiency can reduce an approximate 30 to 50% of the total emissions from carbon dioxide, according to the International Energy Agency (IEA) (Chausson et al., 2020). According to the European Commission, energy efficiency measures might result in a cost-effective 20% reduction in the European Union’s current energy usage in the coming years. As a result, energy efficiency is also a viable option in reducing climate change. Therefore, adopting friendlier renewable energy solutions are very essential in reducing climate change.


References Comment by TutorMe Tutor: The only thing missing from this formatting is that you need to have this list in alphabetical order. Alphabetical by the first letter of the source entry

Blattner, C. (2020). Just transition for agriculture? A critical step in tackling climate change. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development9(3), 53-58.

Von Uexkull, N., & Buhaug, H. (2021). Security implications of climate change: A decade of scientific progress. Journal of Peace Research58(1), 3-17.

Michael Hall, C., & Saarinen, J. (2021). Twenty years of Nordic climate change crisis and tourism research: A review and future research agenda. Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism21(1), 102-110.

Ostad-Ali-Askar, K., Su, R., & Liu, L. (2018). Water resources and climate change. Journal of Water and Climate Change9(2), 239.

Scott, D., & Becken, S. (2020). Adapting to climate change and climate policy: Progress, problems, and potentials. Journal of Sustainable Tourism18(3), 283-295.

Reflect: Carefully review the summary feedback found in the email from the tutor and the margin comments that you see on your returned paper. Consider each of the suggestions provided to help you to revise your paper.


What You Need to Submit to Waypoint:

· Upload the document that contains the feedback from the Writing Center specialist.

· Submit the journal assignment answering the following questions in at least 400 words:

· Identify the top three issues your writing specialist focused on in your rough draft (e.g., paragraph structure, proper use of quotations, thesis statement, etc.).

· In what ways were those issues surprising?

· Describe what you learned from some of the feedback your writing specialist provided as explanations.

· Was this feedback helpful?

· Evaluate the usefulness of the paper review tool.

· In what ways did this activity improve your academic writing skills?

· Will you use the University of Arizona Global Campus Writing Center to review your work in the future? Why or why not?

· Identify Writing Center  Video Tutorials (Links to an external site.)  that you find most useful and explain why. Also, identify tutorial(s) you found least useful and explain why.

The journal part of the assignment does not need to be formatted in APA style; however, correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation is required.

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