Muscle metabolic stabililty

What muscle metabolic stability is and how it affects performance.

*READ THIS DOCUMENT** Term Paper Guidelines for EXS 373—Physiology of Exercise

Dr. Jeff Armstrong

Each student is required to complete a research/term paper. This will be a “signature assignment” for EXS 373 (it will be used as one of the assignments across the major to assess the extent to which the desired competencies are being met). It should reHlect the meeting of Competency 1 (Knowledge & Inquiry): “The graduate will be able to apply research-based knowledge and principles of Exercise Science under a variety of individual, environmental, and task constraints”. Thus, you are being asked to retrieve, critically evaluate and integrate (i.e., synthesize) qualitative and quantitative research sources (i.e., peer-reviewed scienti1ic journals), and identify/apply a variety of strategies to gather information relevant and unique to individual, environmental, and task constraints, articulating these interactions. The topic should pertain to some area relevant to the student’s interests, career, or degree program, and some aspect of exercise physiology discussed in class [Topics pertaining to (sports) nutrition and biomechanics will not be accepted. The papers must be speciHic to exercise physiology.] The primary consideration is that the topic selected be well deHined and carefully delimited to focus on a single speciHic area In addition, the paper must be submitted according to the appropriate standards. Referencing should be in APA format. This paper is a modestly thorough review of the topic and the research that has been published in this area. This paper should indicate that you have completed an in-depth search of the topic, have read the pertinent articles, synthesized the information and are able to present the information in a logical, easy-to-understand format. Begin with a brief introduction explaining the purpose of the review. The body that summarizes the research and its implications should follow this. Remember that you will have a leg-up on the instructor at this point, because you are the “expert” on the topic. The relevant research must be well organized and written in such a way as to keep my attention and make your point clear. (HINT: Assume I know nothing about the topic.) The body is followed by the summary and conclusions. This paper must move from a broad topic to a very narrow topic. Topics are wide open. In general, the topic should be of narrow enough focus to produce a well-researched document limited to approximately 8-12 pages. I would expect at least one reference per page (e.g., a 12 page paper should have at least 12 references). The term paper will be completed in stages (each having a Hirm due date stated in the syllabus):

I. a topic/title will be provided to the instructor during the second week of the term; II. an outline of the proposed paper and tentative reference list will be provided to the

instructor during the fourth week of the term; III. a draft of the term paper will be provided to the instructor and at least two peers in

the class for review during the sixth week;



IV. peer-reviews of the draft will be returned to the author during the seventh week (thus, the peers have a week to review the paper and submit comments to you and the instructor);

V. the Hinal draft of the paper will be submitted to the instructor during the ninth week of the term.

Due dates will be strictly upheld and a 10% penalty will be applied for each calendar day an assignment is late. General Submission Requirements • Text should be double-spaced with 12-point font (preferably Times New Roman) and 1-

inch margins. • Indent paragraphs (Hive to seven spaces—1/2”). • Internet sources should be limited to online journals. Personal websites and

otherwise non-peer-reviewed sources should be avoided. Websites endorsed by established organizations (e.g., United Cerebral Palsy Foundation, UCP) are allowable within reason, however, researched described on these websites should be referenced to the original source, if available.

• Use of direct quotes should be avoided. Paraphrase rather than quote and synthesize information from multiple sources as much as possible.

• Any statement that is not your own needs to be attributed to the source. Avoid just tacking a reference to the end of the paragraph. This implies that only the last sentence is referenced. If the material in the paragraph is attributed to a single source, it is best to introduce this in the Hirst sentence (e.g., “The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM, 2013) provides recommendations for exercise programming…. Exercise Programming should…. In general, ACSM recommends….”).

• When numbers are used in the text, numbers below 10 are spelled out while numbers 10 and above are expressed numerically.

• Use Spell Check. Papers will be marked down, if there are misspellings. • Paragraphs should Hlow smoothly from avoid jumping from topic to topic. Major shifts

in subject matter should be broken into multiple paragraphs. • You should never have paragraphs that consist on only one sentence. Two sentences

may be permissible, but generally short paragraphs are a red Hlag indicating that the topic needs to be developed. Elaborate in these cases.

• Avoid lengthy paragraphs. A paragraph, typically, should be no longer than one double-spaced page.

• Abbreviations should be used sparingly and can be used only after they have been spelled-out in the Hirst use (e.g., “Multiple sclerosis (MS)….” can later be simply “MS”).

• Avoid the use of Dirst person (i.e., “I”, “he/she”, “they”, etc.). Use language that is unbiased and sensitive to persons with disabilities. Do not use ‘men’ to refer to all adults. Some commonly used acceptable references to populations: African Americans, Native Americans, sexual orientation (not sexual preference), people with disabilities, people with AIDS (not AIDS victims or suffers), older persons not elderly, lesbians and gays (not homosexuals), etc.

• Units of measurement should be Système International d’Unités (SI). When expressing units, locate the multiplication factor midway between lines to avoid confusion with periods, e.g., ml·kg-1·min-1.



Rules for Citations • Three to 1ive authors list all authors in the Hirst citation; the lead author et al. (and

others) in subsequent citations: Hirst, (Smith, Jones, Andrews, Baker, & Charles, 2001); next, (Smith et al., 2001).

• Six or more authors list the lead author et al. in all citations. • Corporate author. If a group is readily identiHied by an acronym, spell it out only the Hirst

time. For example, “As reported in a government study (National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 1991) . . . .” The next citation gives just the initials and year, (NIMH, 1991).

• No author. If the author is unknown, use the Hirst few words of the reference list entry (usually the title), for example: (“Study Finds,” 1992). Use heading caps in the text when noting a title (sentence caps in references)!

• Anonymous. If the work speciHically carries the designation “Anonymous” in place of an author’s name, use Anonymous as the author. Otherwise, the work has no author.

• Reprints cite the original publication date and reprint date if both are known, for example: (James, 1890/1983). Translations of classics note the date of the translation: (Aristotle, trans. 1931).

• Personal communication. E-mail and other “unrecoverable data” are cited as personal communications, for example: (C. G. Jung, personal communication, September 28, 1933). These sources do not appear in the reference list.

• Always cite page numbers after quotations. For example, the author noted, “The rats fell asleep within minutes” (Jones, 2003, p. 76). Or, Jones (1993) found “the rats fell asleep within minutes” (p. 76).

• E-documents. When quoting electronic documents without page numbers, cite paragraph numbers if given, after the paragraph symbol (¶) or abbreviation “para.” (e.g., Smith, 2000, ¶ 17). If there are no paragraph numbers, cite the nearest preceding section heading and count paragraphs from there (e.g., Smith, 2000, Method section, para. 4).

• If the citation is repeated in the same paragraph, the year may be omitted. For example (Smith et al., 2002, p. 22), then (Smith et al., p. 23).

• Use an ampersand (&) in references and parenthetical citations only; write and in plain text, for example, “Smith and Sarason (1990) explained . . . .” Or write: (Smith & Sarason, 1990).

• If there are two or more citations that shorten to the same lead author and date, give as many additional names as needed to identify them, e.g., (Smith, Jones, et al., 1991) and (Smith, Burke, et al., 1991).

• When citing multiple works by the same author, arrange dates in order. Use letters after years to distinguish multiple publications by the same author in the same year, e.g., (Johnson, 1988, 1990a, 1990b).



References List references alphabetically by author. Spaces or punctuation precede letters after last names, Smith comes before Smithson, but note 2 below. Use Hirst initials as appropriate, Smith, A. comes before Smith, B. When there are multiple works by the same author, list references by date, the most recent last. • Use preHixes, if they are commonly part of the surname (e.g., de Chardin comes before

Decker; MacGill comes before McGill. But do not use von (e.g., write: Helmholtz, H. L. F. von).

• Disregard apostrophes, spaces, and capitals in alphabetizing; D’Arcy comes after Daagwood; Decker comes after de Chardin. Single-author citations precede multiple- author citations (Zev, 1990 then Zev et al., 1990).

• Alphabetize corporate authors by Hirst signiHicant word. Do not use abbreviations in corporate names.

General format: Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical,

volume number(issue number), pages. Rules for References

1. Authors & editors. (New!). List up to seven authors to a work; if there are more than seven, list the 7irst six, insert an ellipsis, then the last author. Invert all authors’ names, using 7irst & middle initials. With two or more authors place an ampersand> & < before the 7inal name. Note, unless they are serving in place of authors in a reference, editors’ names go in their normal order (First. M. Last).

2. Character Spacing. Space once after all punctuation except inside abbreviations, ratios, and URLs where no space is required (APA, 2009, p. 87). Space once after the periods in references and initials.

3. City, State. (New!). City and state, province, or country are now required for all cities. Write: Baltimore, MD; New York, NY; Boston, MA; London, England; Paris, France. Use postal abbreviations for states, provinces.

4. Date. Use the month-day-year format for full dates, but see the sample references for newspapers.

5. E-mail and other “unrecoverable data” are cited as a personal communication, for example: (A. B. Carter, personal communication, April 1, 2005). These do not appear in the reference list.

6. Titles of Works. All titles require sentence caps (all words lowercase except for the 7irst word, 7irst word after a colon, and proper nouns). Article titles are not placed in quotes in references (they are when mentioned in the text). Italicize titles of books, reports, working and conference papers, dissertations, and similar documents.




American College of Sports Medicine. (2002) ACSM’s Guidelines for Clinical Exercise

Physiology: Musculoskeletal, Neuromuscular, Neoplastic, Immunologic, and

Hematologic Conditions. Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Paffenbarger, R. S., Hyde R. T., & Wing, A. L. (1990). Physical activity and physical 7itness as

determinants of health and longevity. In C. Bouchard, R. J. Shephard, T. Stevens, J. R.

Sutton, & B. D. McPherson (Eds.), Exercise, Fitness, and Health (pp. 33-48).

Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Government Reports:

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (1991). Healthy People 2010: National

Health and Disease Prevention Objectives (Department of Health and Human

Services, Publication 91:50212). Washington, DC.

Corporate Authorship:

Institute of Financial Education. (1982). Managing personal funds. Chicago, IL: Author.


Nicholson, J. M., & Emes, C. G. (2000). Effects of strength training on the vertical force of a

chair rise in the elderly. Clinical Kinesiology, 54(2), 36-43. doi:[add if available]

Jette, A. M., Harris, B. A., Sleeper, L., Lachman, M. L., Heislein, D., Giorgetti, M., & Levenson, C.

A home-based exercise program for nondisabled older adults. Journal of the

American Geriatric Society, 44, 644-649. doi:[add if available]

No Author IdentiSied:

Experimental Psychology. (1938). New York: Holt.

Clinton puts ‘human face’ on health-care plan. (1993, September). The New York Times, p.

B1, 16.



Web Sources:

Kerem, M. A Page About Cerebral Palsy (website). Retrieved January 9, 2001, from http://

United Cerebral Palsy of Colorado (UCPC). Understanding Cerebral Palsy (website).

Retreived December 2, 2002, from


VandenBos, G., Knapp, S. & Doe, J. (2001) Role of reference elements in the selection of

resources by psychology undergraduates. Journal of Bibliographic Research, 5,

117-123. Retrieved October 13, 2001, from

VandenBos, G., Knapp, S. & Doe, J. (2001) Role of reference elements in the selection of

resources by psychology undergraduates [Electronic version]. Journal of

Bibliographic Research, 5, 117-123.

For more explicit APA guidelines refer to:

American Psychological Association. (2009). Publication Manual of the American

Psychological Association (6th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.


Scribe, A. (2010). APA Lite for College Papers. Retrieved August 11, 2014 from http://

(revised 1/5/2020)




EXS 373—Physiology of Exercise Term Paper Preliminary Evaluation Framework

**Turn in with project as cover sheet for every stage of the assignment**

I. Topic/Title:


(5 pt)

less penalty

II. Outline –adequate detail provided (5 pt)

Reference List –suf7icient sources for topic (5 pt)

–APA style (5 pt)

–sources from peer-reviewed journals (5 pt)

less penalty

III. Peer Reviewers:



IV. Peer Reviewed Draft –draft submitted for review (5 pt)

less penalty

V. Peer Reviews (attach copy of comments)

–author provided independent and constructive (20 pt) review on at least two other students’ papers:

• addressed content • addressed Hlow • addressed style/format • addressed grammar • addressed spelling • addressed overall readability

less penalty

Names of students whose papers you reviewed:






EXS 373—Physiology of Exercise Review Paper Evaluation Framework (Turn in with project as cover sheet)

Possible Points Points

______ 5 Meets general submission requirements (provided, i.e., APA style, correct reference format, avoids direct quotes, etc.).

______ 10 An introduction provides a succinct, re7ined description of the topic.

______ 20 The review of research is well focused, complete, relevant to the paper topic, original, well-synthesized, and relies on adequate sources.

______ 10 Sources appropriately cited (all statements derived from other authors require citation and clear indication from whom the statement comes)

______ 10 Summary and conclusions indicate a speci7ic conclusion.

______ 10 Adequate reference list (relies on original source material; relative to topic and available peer reviewed scienti7ic literature; few web sources; etc.).

______ 5 Reference list meets submission standards consistent with the style (i.e., APA) used throughout the paper.

______ 10 Spelling (minus 1 point for each error)

______ 10 Grammar (minus 1 point for each error)

______ 10 Overall quality and readability.


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