English Composition I

Illustration Essay Final

Revise your 750-1000 word essay about a topic in which you argue for the existence of a particular phenomenon by stating a generalization about the topic. The essay should be written in the style and form described within Unit V. For this assignment, you will edit and revise your Unit V Illustration Essay Draft. This final essay will be your last opportunity to make adjustments to the essay.

Purpose: Throughout Unit V, we discussed the conventions of the illustration essay. The purpose of this assignment is to measure your mastery of the conventions of the illustration essay. For this assignment, you will practice the skill of careful revision and refinement of your work as sometimes re-envisioning your writing can be more difficult than writing the essay the first time. However, to make your writing the best that it can be, you must practice the skills of editing and revision.

Process: For the illustration essay, you will complete the following steps:

  1. Read through your paper, looking for structural concerns: See Unit IV, Lesson 5, for more details. Be sure that you are satisfied with your paper as a whole before you do any detailed editing.
  2. Read through your paper looking for grammar and stylistics: See Unit IV, Lesson 5, for more details. You may need to read your essay aloud or have someone else look over the essay to find all of your mistakes and awkward phrasings.
  3. Submit a Writing Center request using the Writing Center Request Form in the student portal (optional). Have one of CSU’s trained Writing Specialists read through your essay before submission.

Stylistic details: All essays must meet the following requirements:

  • 750-1000 words.
  • Write in Times New Roman, 12 pt. font.
  • Include one-inch margins on all sides.
  • Use double spacing (top-to-bottom every page, to include above and below titles and centered words).
  • Include an APA title page (for all essays) and reference list that includes all of the sources used in the essay.
  • Include page numbers (upper-right corner only).
  • Adhere to APA convention and documentation style (See the CSU citation guide for assistance.).
  • At least one source is required. All sources used must be cited.

    Running Head: RACISM 1


    Patrick Poole

    Columbia Southern University


    Patti Smith


    RACISM 2


    Racism as a social phenomenon is a controversial topic that most people are not ready

    to talk about. Although we have been pretending to fight racism, over the years we have

    continued to show our true racist colors. Racism is an attempt to paint members of another race

    as inferior by believing that they possess certain characteristics. It is the use of race by some

    people to determine that they are better than others. It allows certain groups to discriminate

    against others by denying them certain rights (Kosny et al, 2017). It is the reason that we are

    still fighting unnecessary wars to date. Although the world has enough knowledge on how to

    fight racism, the issue still prevails and is being manifested in politics, places of work, and even

    in education.

    Racism in politics is not just a timely issue but one that keeps recurring with great

    frequency especially during this era of social media. Politicians have mastered the use of

    racially coded appeals to run racist campaigns and get away with it. Racist comments have

    been made with the most recent one being the branding of the ‘black lives matter’ protestors as

    ‘domestic terrorists’. We still believe that certain people are not fit for the presidency and all this

    is because of our racist mentalities. There is great mistrust between blacks and whites as the

    blacks feel that they are investigated before elections to be discredited. Although public opinion

    towards racial integration has changed, there is still evidence of white supremacy in American

    politics (Krimmel & Rader, 2017). Racism in politics is a global problem. Racial politics are

    the reason behind most of the wars that have been witnessed in various countries. Many

    countries are politically unstable because racial politics have interfered with relationships

    among leaders.

    Racial discrimination at work is not something that either of us is hearing for the fists

    time. Although it is well stated that discrimination based on race toward any employee is

    illegal, the issue is still there and most of us are silent about it. There have been cases where a


    Patti Smith
    Patti Smith
    Patti Smith
    Patti Smith
    quotation marks are only needed for direct quotes in APA format
    Patti Smith
    Patti Smith
    Good, clear, and focused thesis statement.
    Patti Smith
    Patti Smith
    Patti Smith
    Patti Smith
    1st person pronouns are not appropriate in academic writing


    RACISM 3

    person is hired for a job but another one with similar skills is rejected. This is racial

    discrimination that is hard to prove because the hiring panel will always have a way to cover up

    their actions so that they do not appear racist. Some workplaces formulate policies that racially

    disadvantage some people. For example, some insist that people use a certain language, and

    employees are not allowed to speak their native languages even in personal communications.

    There have been cases of harassment where people make racist comments about other

    employees to violate their dignity and make them feel inferior. Reporting this to the managers

    does not always make the situation better as most people end up being victimized by their

    colleagues and bosses at work (Kosny et al, 2017).

    It is no better in schools as most African American students report experiencing racism

    in schools. The use of racist language in schools has placed so many black students at a

    disadvantage in academic attainment. Racism is reflected even in the attainment of grades and

    black students have to work twice as hard as white students to get good grades. Students make

    racist comments about other students and no action is taken even after these cases are reported

    to the school administrations. This means that instead of fostering a culture that is free of

    racism, school administrations are encouraging racism in schools. Students are not the only

    ones being affected by racism in schools; teachers and other staff have also reported

    experiencing racism. They are harassed, abused, and racially stereotyped by students and

    working colleagues. There is a lack of diversity in representation in school organizations and

    sometimes students are forced to take part in activities that are against their cultural beliefs.

    Although educators fail to recognize this, racism in schools is the leading contributor to poor

    school attendance and the consequent poor performance (Kohli et al, 2017).

    Racism is a social phenomenon that has continued to affect us even though we pretend

    to be making efforts to fight it. It is manifested in different settings and almost every aspect of

    life. Politicians are using coded appeals to conduct racial campaigns and they are getting away


    Patti Smith
    Patti Smith
    Be sure to revise all 1st person pronouns – I, we, us, our, me, my, mine
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    RACISM 4

    with it. Students and workers at schools are going through racial harassment yet no action is

    taken against such cases. Racial discrimination at places of work is evident from the process of

    hiring to the interactions between colleagues in the organization. Racism is a disease that needs

    to be gotten rid of. This can only be done through the efforts of each of us to fight racism.


    Patti Smith


    RACISM 5


    Kohli, R., Pizarro, M., & Nevárez, A. (2017). The “new racism” of K–12 schools: Centering

    critical research on racism. Review of research in education, 41(1), 182-202. Retrieved

    from https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.3102/0091732X16686949

    Kosny, A., Santos, I., & Reid, A. (2017). Employment in a “land of opportunity?” Immigrants’

    experiences of racism and discrimination in the Australian workplace. Journal of

    international migration and integration, 18(2), 483-497. Retrieved from


    Krimmel, K., & Rader, K. (2017). The federal spending paradox: economic self-interest and

    symbolic racism in contemporary fiscal politics. American Politics Research, 45(5),

    727-754. Retrieved from



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