Scientific Underpinnings For Practice: Nursing Theory
Watson’s Theory is about promoting care and self -efficacy. Helping the patient through their progression of care with the goal of decreasing the negative impact of the disease and allowing the patient to make life adjustments to face the current situation (Kornusky and Karakashian, 2018).
Allowing the patient to include their unique beliefs and practices into their plan of care will help with setting realistic goals for the patient to accomplish. Creating a relationship between the health care team and the patient foster the development of trust and the ability to express positive and negative feelings, allowing us to use the unknowing knowledge to adjust our plan of care depending on the patient’s distinctive learning characteristics incorporating the patients mental, physical, emotional and spiritual needs.
Watson’s theory is based on caring through the genuine presence and deliberate acts to optimize the patient’s ability to heal. Caring is the major concept.
When caring for a patient you must let them know that they have value within the world. Showing respect to the patient by nurturing the whole person will help the nurse use the six types of knowing. One of the most important approaches to caring for a patient is taking a holistic methodology, making sure to not just care for the disease. According to Watson, the Care theory defines health: as a high level of overall physical, mental, and social functioning with the ability to achieve a level of daily functioning (2009). The patient either is disease-free or taking steps towards being disease-free. Our environment is one that is caring, and nursing exists in every society, which is modeled by generation to generation ingrained in the culture of the nursing profession (Watson, 2009). Nursing focuses on preventing disease by promoting health with an understanding that the patient must be a part of this because they are at the center of the care. The model addresses caring for the sick and restoring health. Watson’s promotes health as well as treatment (Watson, 2009).
Watson’s Theory can be used to treat and foster a culture within the health care setting just like a patient, health care culture needs to care for their people, the health of the culture, evaluate the environmental health or workflows, and focuses on promoting a healthy working environment or fixing process problems. As nursing leadership, we will be empowered to help create a culture of care, modeling the care values to inspire a vision that will engage one’s team to care for their patients with the same passion. Allowing an environment of trust and innovation to care for the patient in a holistic and individualized manner. Understanding that one can learn from the nursing experience of frontline staff. If we ourselves implement some of these nursing theories into our vision and mission, we can gain a healthier healthcare organization.
Kornusky, J., & Karakashian, A. (2018). Watson’s theory of caring: Integration into Practice. CINAHL Nursing Guide.
Watson, J. (2009). Caring science and human care theory: Transforming personal and professional practices of nursing and health care. Journal of Health and Human Service Administration, 31(4), 466–482.
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