A student nurse has to administer a broad-spectrum anti-infective medication to a patient. The patient develops nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea while taking the medication. The student nurse has to teach the patient about the anti-infective medication.
a. The faculty member asks the student nurse to identify the difference between a broad-spectrum and narrow-spectrum anti-infective medication.
b. The patient asks the student nurse what it means to develop resistance to anti-infectives. When the student nurse is teaching the patient about the anti-infective agent, it is important to include what general points to minimize bacterial resistance?
c. The faculty member asks the student nurse to identify the three common adverse reactions associated with the use of anti-infectives. This patient is complaining of what common adverse reaction?
Case Study, Chapter 10, Antiviral Agents
A patient is being treated with combination antiviral drugs for HIV and locally active antiviral drugs that include zidovudine and acyclovir. The student is preparing a 5-minute presentation on antiviral agents for clinical preconference. The student has to prepare medication information about the antiviral medications that are being administered to the client.
a. What are the key characteristics of common viral infections?
b. What are the common adverse effects of zidovudine?
c. What key nursing considerations should the nurse focus on for the patient receiving a locally active antiviral agent?